Kaikoura Station

Built 1944

 

Architecture

Kaikoura is a standard Troup Gable station, albeit a very late example. A large timber structure with a verandah to the platform, it differs little in style from stations built in the early 20th century. However, the treatment of the entrance suggests a "nod" to the prevailing Art Deco/Moderne style of the time. A box-like appendage with flanking entrances, it is attached to a gable perpendicular to the roofline at the midpoint of the building. This gable also extends to the platform elevation. The cladding in the gable ends is vertical board-and-batten, while the remainder of the building has shiplap weatherboards and asbestos sheeting on the roof. The windows are largely single-pane shutters arranged in various combinations.

 

History

Kaikoura was one of the stations required to service the uncompleted South Island main trunk line. In 1937 provisional designs of the station were completed. A large building, it was expected to accommodate a general office, booking lobby, ladies’ waiting room, a store room, men's toilet and a refreshment room. The following year a location close to Kaikoura township was chosen, but it was another six years before the station opened, on 2 March 1944. However, for some time prior to opening trains ran on the newly-laid sections of track. The booking office was divided in two in 1946, but principal changes to the station were in the yards, extended in the 1960s and 1970s to handle traffic generated by the rail ferries. The stockyards were sold by tender for removal in 1979. The station is the base for the local whale watch enterprise and a station for the TranzCoastal express.

 

Architectural Significance

Kaikoura's architectural interest lies primarily in the late but obvious and unusual acknowledgement to Art Deco/Moderne architecture in the treatment of its main entrance. It was not completed until some years after its design. The majority of the building reflects the lingering influence of traditional 19th-century station designs, which were not finally abandoned until the next decade.
 

Historical Significance

Kaikoura is, like its counterpart Hundalee (also registered), an important reminder of New Zealand's last substantial new railway line construction. Filling the Parnassus-Kaikoura gap on the South Island's east coast gave the country a complete north-to-south rail link. The completion of this line, along with three others at the time, represented the end of the great era of rail construction in New Zealand.
 

Townscape / Landscape Value

This station is close to the coastline with fine views of the Kaikoura Ranges and of the sea.
 
Address
Whaleway Station Rd, Kaikoura
7300
 
Land Owner
The Crown
 
Building Owner
KiwiRail
 
Occupier
Kaikoura Tours Ltd (lessee)
 
Territorial Authority
Kaikoura
 
Type   Troup class B/C station
 
Line   Main North Line
 
RHTNZ   Category B
     
District Plan   Yes
 
Conservation Plan   No
 
Heritage Convenant   No
 
Designer   Unknown
 
Integrity   Good
 
Condition   Good
 
Landscape / Townscape Setting   Close to the sea, between the coast and the township